Beaujolais Wines - Le Domaine Bertrand - Exploitation
Le Domaine Bertrand - Charentay en Beaujolais
The domain currently has 15 ha of vines aged about 45 and spread over 6 villages
Beaujolais-Villages : 3 ha 35 a in Charentay - localities "La Verpillère", "Oak" and "Chapoly"
Beaujolais blanc : 1 ha 24 a in Charentay on the place called "Chapoly"
Régnié : 0 ha 96 a in Régnié Durette on the place called "Ponchon"
Brouilly : 2ha 50 a in Charentay on the place called "Vuril"
Brouilly "Pisse Vieille" : 1 ha 91 a in Cercié - locality Pisse-Vieille, famous for its climate and its legend
Fleurie "Les Déduits" : 2 ha 14 a in Fleurie on the place called "Les Déduits"
Julienas : 0 ha 72 a in Juliénas on the place called "Les Fouillouses"
Moulin-à-Vent : 2 ha 09 a in Romanèche Thorins on the place called "Les Petits Bois"
For an average harvest of 750 hl
All of our production is vinified in the domain
Since 2000, our vineyard is conducted according to the methods of the fight reasoned.
The control of the yields, the work of the grounds, a rigorous follow-up (counting - controls - observations), allows us to limit the treatments and to intervene if necessary in the respect of the environment and the soil.
The objective is to offer wines with fewer inputs and which perfectly reflect our terroirs and our environment.
The majority of our vines are grassed to improve the structure and the lift of the soil, to protect the soil from climatic aggressions to facilitate the development of the biological activity.
For our red wines, the vines come from the grape "Gamay", grape with black skin and white juice. They are planted at a density of 8,500 to 10,000 feet / hectare - short cup size.
The white Beaujolais from the "Chardonnay" grape variety are planted at a density of 6,000 plants / hectare - long guyot type.
We have also started the restructuring of a part of our vineyard in recent years by choosing a "wide vine" (2m x 0.80m, 6,250 ft / ha) to facilitate tillage, to move towards better aeration of the vine and reduce the working time per hectare.
This vine structure also allows us to work with winter seedlings (cereals, legumes) in inter-rows to work and occupy the soil with a plant cover.
Harvest and Winemaking
The whole of our harvest is sold by hand, to avoid any alteration and preserve the quality of the grapes.
The harvest begins at optimum maturity and lasts from 11 to 13 days.
We adapt our vattings and macerations according to each appellation, terroir and vintage.
Depending on the latter, we will adopt our winemaking process and in particular the choice to carry out a carbonic maceration (as a whole harvest) or on the contrary to stale the wine in the image of our Burgundian neighbors.
The vattings are, thus, more tender for the Primeurs, the Beaujolais villages or Régnié (vatting of 4 to 11 days) and more robust for the other crus (vatting of 14 to 20 days). We decide the press of our vintages according to the tasting of the juices.
The control of the temperatures, a rigorous and constant follow-up of each cuvée (density, reassembly, punching, crushing), makes it possible to preserve the original aromas and to affirm the personality of our wines.
Since 2014, we are equipped with a mobile pneumatic press that brings precison and finesse while minimizing the mixing of juices and grapes.
Our different appellations are vinified and aged in concrete vats or oak barrels.
The aging of each cuvée will also depend on the appellation, the terroir and the vintage.
Our farms range from 6 months for our most "fruity" cuvées, to 24 months for our more "generous" cuvées.
Once we estimate that the breeding is finished, we realize the bottling to the field after possibly a soft filtration.
A quick history
1956: Installation of Michel and Marcelle on 5 ha in Brouilly vintage in the town of Saint Lager. This first year is marked by the wave of cold and frost.
1958: Purchase of plots on the climate of Pisse-Vieille in vintage Brouilly by Michel and his brother Louis
1964: Purchase of the first parcels in Charentay, La Verpillère, in Beaujolais-Villages
1967: Installation in Charentay and construction of the cuvage
1972: Resumption of plot in Brouilly, Charentay on the locality of Vuril
1973: Beginning of commercialization of bottled wines
1974: Installation of Jean-Pierre, the 2nd generation returns to the domain
1996: Retirement of Marcelle and Michel, "official" installation of Maryse and creation of the EARL. At this time, the estate exploited nearly 20 ha, including 5 ha in the cooperative cellar.
1998: 1st Chardonnay grape plantation in Charentay
2009: Resumption of renting 5 ha in vintage Fleurie, Windmill and Juliénas
2014: Installation of Julien, the 3rd generation is in place. Beginning of the restructuring with replantation of 50 ares in Brouilly in Charentay and 20 ares in Juliénas.
2015: The restructuring of the estate continues with the planting of 53 ares in Brouilly in Charentay, 16 ares in Moulin à Vent and 47 ares in Chardonnay in Charentay, at a locality called Chêne.
2016: Membership of Independent Winegrowers of France.
2017: Beginning of the conversion to Organic Farming on 10ha of the Estate
Coming up: Conversion to organic farming, modernization of the winery and winemaking tools, expansion and development of the tasting cellar.